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Adults grow to lengths of 2 – 4 feet and weigh between 3 – 6 pounds. They have green bodies and reddish-colored heads. Males and females are similar in appearance. They were named “caiman lizard” after the caiman crocodile, due to the crocodile-like scales on their backs, as well as their long flat tail, which helps them to swim. They have a clear third eyelid that they use like goggles while swimming.
Caiman lizards are found in the riparian zone of tropical forests in Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil and Peru. They feed primarily on snails, as well as clams, and have a powerful jaw that crushes the shells. Once they have extracted the meat, they will spit out the shells.
After mating, the female will lay eggs in a hole she has dug from a riverbank. There is no parental care.
Not yet assessed by IUCN