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Adults can grow up to seven inches in length. They have brownish-colored backs with black markings and cream-colored underparts. Males have black spines on their chests and thumbs to more easily grasp females during mating.
This nocturnal amphibian will spend the daytime hours in burrows, leaf litter, or under logs in subtropical or tropical lowland forests, swamps, riverbanks or marshes in northern South America. Tadpoles are omnivorous, eating algae as well as eggs of their own species. Adults are opportunistic feeders, eating insects and other small reptiles, amphibians, mammals, and even birds.
Males will call from the water’s edge to attract females. Females lay up to 1,000 eggs in a foam nest, which is located in a shallow depression near a water source. Predators of smoky jungle frogs include snakes, caimans and coatimundis.