Order Scorpionus

Fascinating Facts

  • Some species can change their metabolic rate, allowing them to live on one meal per year or survive being stored in a freezer overnight.
  • Scorpions are fluorescent under UV light – no one yet knows why!
  • There are almost 2,000 scorpion species, but only 30 or 40 have strong enough poison to kill a person.
  • Predators include centipedes, tarantulas, lizards, birds (especially owls), shrews, grasshopper mice, and bats.
  • Scorpions give live birth to 24-35 young that climb onto their mother’s back in pairs, where they stay until their first molt.


Scorpions are found in a wide range of habitats, the only necessity being soil. They are most common in deserts but can also be found on plains and savannas, and in forests, rain forests and caves. They are nocturnal carnivores, eating primarily insects and occasionally small vertebrates. Each species’ venom is tailored to their prey.

Status in the Wild

Seychelles forest scorpion – Critically Endangered, IUCN 2014

Seychelles giant scorpion – Vulnerable, IUCN 2014

All other species not yet assessed by IUCN


Found on all major landmasses except Antarctica

Location in the Zoo

Invertebrates Zone of the Sculpture Learning Plaza

Animals & Exhibits